Reply To: Research

Lawrence Norris

We cam do some self-examination of the TSCN and add to the body of literature on bridging the gap between formal and informal learning contexts

** Eshach, Haim.
Bridging in-school and out-of-school learning: Formal, non-formal, and informal education.
Journal of Science Education and Technology 16.2 (2007): 171-190.

** Hofstein, A., & Rosenfeld, S. (1996).
Bridging the Gap Between Formal and Informal Science Learning
Studies in Science Education
Volume 28, Issue 1, 1996

** Fallik, O., Rosenfeld, S., & Eylon, B. S. (2013).
School and out-of-school science: a model for bridging the gap.
Studies in Science Education, 49(1), 69-91.

** Dierking, L. D. (2007).
Linking After-School Programs and STEM Learning: A View from another Window.

And to what the informal, out-of-school-time, learning context adds to overall STEM literacy,

** Braund, M., & Reiss, M. (2006).
Towards a more authentic science curriculum: The contribution of out‐of‐school learning.
International Journal of Science Education, 28(12), 1373-1388.

** Tran, N. A. (2011).
The Relationship between Students’ Connections to Out‐of‐School Experiences and Factors Associated with Science Learning.
International Journal of Science Education, 33(12), 1625-1651.

as well as subsequent college major selection (or 1st job selection), and HS-grad-yr+5 career status.